Education system in Sri Lanka
The education is fundamental right in Sri Lanka and literacy rate more than 95% and is above average by world and region.
Education play major role in Sri Lanka since 500BC. Education system was changed by British Empire in the 1800 late and 1900.
Ministry and education Ministry of higher education are the responsible ministries for the Sri Lankan education. 02% allocation from GDP and primary languages is Sinhala Tamil and English.
Literacy rate higher mala than female in Sri Lanka.
- Primary school to higher education are primarily funded and overseen by three governmental ministries.
- Ministry of Education: for schools, pirivenas (schools for Buddhist priests), teachers training colleges and colleges of education
- Department of Examinations: National examination service
- Ministry of Higher Education & Highways: for universities
- Ministry of Education Services: for supplying the physical facilities required for general education
- Ministry of Skills Development and Vocational Training: for vocational education and technical colleges
Si Lanka education history is more than 2300 years, Establishment of Buddhism, Empire Ashoka, Pirivens mahawashaya Deepawanshaya are the several important fact in education history.
Primary and Secondary Schools
A standard system of government schools were begun by the British based on the recommendations of the Colebrooke Commission in 1836, this is the beginning of government school system in Sri Lanka. Start several single sex schools in this period
In 1938 the education system in Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) was made formally free following the granting of universal franchise in 1931. The Minister of Education, late Hon. Dr. C.W.W. Kannangara, and the Executive Committee of Education which included members such as H. W. Amarasuriya took the initiative in establishing free education. Under this initiative the government established Madhya Maha Vidyalayas (MMV, Central Colleges) that were scattered around the island to provide education to all. The medium was either Sinhala or Tamil.
The national heroes like Anagarika Dharmapala, Henry Steel Olcot etc. are play major role on beginning of Schools in Sri Lanka.
Higher education in Sri Lanka is the responsible government body and there are more than 20 Government University and lots of privet university available in Sri Lanka. Privet University and semi Government University were started during 1990’s.
Primary and secondary education
Sri Lanka education is divide into several parts basically primary secondary and tertiary education. Primary education lasts five to six years, then scholarship exam after completion of exam better way the can move to better schools for secondary educations. Then Ordinary level, if the student qualified they can start their Advance level educations. If not they can rewrite their examination until pass the exam by sitting 3 times. After 2 year studying of Advance level they need to sit the examination and pass. This is the most important exam because marks will decide the selection to national university and other institute in Sri Lanka.
After completion of basic degree they can do a master, doctoral degree etc.
Vocational education and training
Vocational education and training in Sri Lanka is managed by the Tertiary and Vocational Education Commission of the Ministry of Vocational & Technical Training. Training includes course based curriculum at vocational technical training centers and apprenticeship at private or public organizations. Higher education in vocational fields could be archived though several universities. The National Vocational Qualifications Systems in Sri Lanka (NVQSL) provides a structured seven levels of qualifications from Level 1 to Level 7. Vocational education and training is carried out for degree level at the Open University, Sri Lanka and the University of Vocational Technology, as well as at diploma level at 37 technical colleges, Sri Lanka Institute of Advanced Technical Education and the Sri Lanka School of Agriculture.
Numeric details from – History of Sri Lankan education / Wikipidia
By R M K S Chandana